How To Pick Out The Best Battery For a Solar Panel System, Battery Bank, or Off-Grid System
Have you ever wondered how to pick out the best battery(s) to your solar panel system (or off-grid energy system)? Or have you wondered what makes one deep cycle battery greater than another? If so, this article will answer these questions and give you specific things to check on before purchasing your new battery (to ensure you get the most bang for your buck)!
When choosing a battery (or batteries) for your solar panel system, there are three categories of batteries which work best. We’ll do this in two parts:
Part 1) Quickly compare the three chief types of solar batteries (lead acid, saltwater, and lithium). And,
Part 2) Assess the elements of batteries, such as: depth of discharge, capacity and power, efficiency, battery life, and maker.
By the conclusion of the article you will know exactly how to pick the best battery to your own solar panel system!
So let’s get started…
Part 1) The Three Best Types Of Batteries For Solar Panel Systems: The best type of battery for your solar panel system will be dependent on what you’re looking for. There are three battery types that work exceptionally well; however, each battery type has pros and cons. So the first decision to make is the sort of battery that will fit your system.
Lead Acid Batteries
Lead acid batteries are the most commonly used rechargeable battery in the world. They’re also among the longest-used and most reliable batteries in existence. When compared with the other batteries we will discuss in this report; they’re the cheapest option but you trade cost for some battery life and depth of discharge. But for homeowners needing a great deal of storage for a lesser cost, or if you are just making the move to a solar panel system, lead acid batteries might be an excellent option. They’re the type of battery we use in the majority of the battery banks in our solar panel systems.
Saltwater batteries are more expensive than lead acid batteries, but also have a better lifespan. Contrary to lead acid batteries, saltwater batteries are essentially brand new to the industry and stay both somewhat untested and more difficult to come across. Of the three types of batteries, saltwater has the greatest depth of discharge, which means you’ll find the most output per charge before needing to recharge.
Lithium batteries are the most expensive and the longest lasting of the three kinds of solar batteries. Their depth of discharge is less than that of a saltwater battery, but more than that of a lead acid battery. Comparing all three choices, the lithium battery is probably the highest rated, but also the most expensive. A good example of a lithium battery is the Tesla Powerwall.
Part 2) Assess the components of batteries. Once you’ve picked the best battery type for your own solar panel or off-grid system (that meets your system’s needs), there are elements to explore to find the ideal battery for your system.
Price is probably one of the more obvious components. But the old saying,”you get what you pay for” holds true when purchasing batteries as well. In some instances though, certain batteries could be overkill for your system so the most expensive battery may not be the best choice always.
Battery Life and Warranty
For many systems, a battery will cycle every day, meaning it will charge and drain regularly. With each cycle, the battery’s ability to maintain the same charge lessens slightly. So 1 component to consider is the guarantee on the battery which guarantees a specific number of cycles of useful life. But keep in mind that if you use the maintenance and reconditioning methods we teach you at the EZ Battery Reconditioning program, you can extend the life of your batteries.
Depth of Discharge
Length of release is how much you can drain the battery down before needing to recharge the battery without damaging its life. Certain solar batteries may be depleted further than others, allowing for more use between charging. Essentially, a battery with a 90% depth of discharge per cycle provides more battery power per charge compared to a battery with less.
Capacity and Power
The more capacity a battery has, the more power it can save. Power is how much energy a battery can provide at a certain moment. A battery with a high capacity and high power can run a massive system for many hours; a battery with low capacity and higher power can run a large system but just for a brief time.
Efficiency is the amount of energy used compared to the quantity of energy it took to save said energy. Batteries require power to charge and efficacy compares the energy taken to charge a battery with the amount of energy which the charged battery generates. The higher the efficiency, the more cost-effective the battery.
This may not be a component most would consider, but it is something to pay attention to. Like other technologies, there are both trusted brands and start-up brands. A trusted brand comes with known flaws and benefits; a start-up brand can perhaps have better technology, but could also have yet unknown technological issues. Depending upon your system demands, you might decide to go with a well-reviewed firm or one that is brand new to the market.